Energy performance certificates

This guidance is intended to help sellers, landlords, building managers and occupiers, builders and their agents and buyers and tenants of non-dwellings to understand how the Energy Performance of Buildings (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 and the Directive, on which these regulations are based, work in practice, how to apply the regulations, what their responsibilities are and when energy certificates are required.

Buildings are responsible for almost 40 per cent of the UK’s energy consumption and carbon emissions. This guidance provides an introduction to the regulations for energy performance certificates (EPCs) for non-dwellings on construction, sale or rent in England and Wales. EPCs promote the improvement of the energy performance of buildings and are intended to identify ways in which the energy consumption of buildings and associated costs can be reduced.

While this guidance aims to explain how the requirements work in practice, any interpretation of the regulations is offered only as a guide. The Department for Communities and Local Government cannot provide legal advice. Therefore, it is important to read and understand the regulations. It will be for individuals themselves to take a view on whether or not they fall within the requirements of the regulations and in cases of doubt independent legal advice should be sought.

The original Energy Performance of Buildings Directive was implemented by the previous administration in 2008. A number of its measures were gold-plated, i.e. they went beyond the minimum requirements. In implementing the recast, the current Government has taken the opportunity to remove this gold-plating where possible.

This document is part of a suite of documents that explains the requirement for EPCs, display energy certificates, and air conditioning inspections in England and Wales only. Buildings in Northern Ireland and Scotland are subject to separate regulatory requirements and are not covered by or referred to in this guidance.

Download a guide to energy performance certificates for the construction, sale and let of non dwellings

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